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LIST OF PUBLICATIONS OF THE BUREAU OF AMERICAN ETHNOLOGY – Smithsonian Libraries
Catalogue of Prehistoric Works East of the Rocky Mountains
by Cyrus Thomas – 1891 – Smithsonian Instutition
“The Early Days and Rememberances of Oceola Nikkanochee, Prince of Econchatti” (the nephew of Osceola). An 1841 book written by person who ‘Adopted’ a ‘fatherless’ Indian chief’s nephew, and wrote a book about Oceola Nikkanochee, who was also the nephew of Econchatti-Mico, King of the Red Hills, in Florida; With a Brief History of His Nation, and His Renowned Uncle, Oceola, and His Parents and Amusing Tales, Illustrative of Indian Life in Florida General Books publication date: 2009 Original publication date: 1841 Original Publisher: Hatchard and son.
In the 1830s, some 18,000 Creeks were moved from Georgia and Alabama to new Western lands. A group of 1,600 Creeks marched in the summer of 1837 to Mobile Point, Ala., and later to Pass Christian, MS. A yellow fever epidemic killed more than 100 of those Indians while they waited at the two posts. When the time came in the fall to move the survivors to the territory in the West, the U.S. Army contracted three steamboats: John Newton, Yazoo, and Monmouth. The Creeks were put aboard to start their journey up the Mississippi on the night of October 27,1837 (the exact date in October varies in different accounts). Monmouth was a small steamer weighing 135 tons. Her human cargo, it was said, was crammed onto the boat without regard to comfort or safety. About 700 Creeks managed to get aboard.
The three boats made fairly good time on a cold, rainy night. They steamed north of present day Baton Rouge, La., without any trouble. The prevailing practice of boats going upriver was to stay in the slack water close to the banks and, at the bends, to cross to the far banks where the water moved slowest. Boats moving downriver were expected to follow the river channel out toward the middle, where the current moved fastest. But whether or not Monmouth was where it should have been or exactly what happened to cause the collision will probably never be known. It is known that the accident occurred at Prophet Island Bend (today called Profit Island Bend) and that Monmouth was struck by the sailboat Trenton, which was being towed by the steamboat Warren. The violent impact threw hundreds of unsuspecting Creeks into the deep river.
Those Indians not immediately swept away struggled desperately for something solid to grasp. The men aboard Warren tried to help, as did the men of Yazoo, which had circled around and rushed to the rescue. Those two steamers picked up whatever survivors they could reach. The cabin of Monmouth had broken off and floated downstream with the crew and about 200 Indians aboard. Alter floating some distance, the cabin also broke in two parts, spilling them into the river. Some of those men were picked up.
Exactly how many Indians drowned is uncertain. Some reports said 240, others about 360, while yet another report put the drowned at more than 400. The most commonly quoted estimate, 311 Indians drowned, comes from the book Indian Removal, by Grant Foreman.
Our Mvskoke Neighbor’s & Friends’ Websites
Roger G. Kennedy carried out extensive research to prove that the primary motivation for the Red Stick War and the Trail of Tears was a strategy by Southern aristocrats and land speculators to steal all of the prime cotton growing lands from the Creek and Choctaw Indians. During the Redstick War, Andy Jackson hired four agronomists to prepare a map which showed which sections of the Creek Nation had suitable soils and climates for growing cotton profitably. Behind the scenes thugs working for these scoundrels intentionally did things to drive the Alabama Creeks into furor, while simultaneously providing economic opportunities and temporary respect for the Georgia Creeks. They conspirators wanted a Creek Civil War and they got it. Read about this in Birdtail King papers.
Ehoporenet artowvccvs ce! (go about like you got some sense)
Funny YouTube Video: “I’m My Own Grandpa” by Ray Stevens (with diagrams)